Amir Kror Suri

Amīr Krōṛ Sūrī (Pashto: امير کروړ سوري), also known as Jahan Pahlawan, is a legendary character in Pashtun national history and is claimed to have become the governor of Mandesh in Ghor.[1] He is not to be confused with Amir Suri, the pagan king of Ghor in the 9th-10th century.

Description in Pata Khazana

According to Pata Khazana, Amir Kror Sori was son of a man named Amir Polad Suri who was the governor of Ghor.[2] Allegedly, he lived in the time of Abu Muslim Khorasani in the 8th century,[2] and became the first poet of Pashto language.[3][4][5][6]

According to legend, Amir Kror was a renowned fighter and challenged several people at a time, despite a small body he was a large soul. Because of his bravery and strength, he is given the Pashto title Kror, meaning "hard" and "strong". It is claimed that he had conquered the fortresses of Ghor, Balishtan, Kheisar, Tamran and Barkoshak and assisted the Caliphate of Islam,[7] but there are no historical documents or proofs for this claim,

Death and succession

According to legend, Amir Kror Suri died in 154 H./771 A.D. in the Battle of Poshanj (which is a village in ancient city of Herat) and was succeeded by his son, Amir Naser, who took control of the territories of Ghor, Sur, Bost and Zamindawar.

See also

  • Amir Suri, a pagan Ghorid king in the 9th and 10th century who was defeated in war with the Saffarid ruler Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar
  • Qais Abdur Rashid, whose three legendary sons are said to have founded the modern Pashtun nation
  • Sur (Pashtun tribe)

Further reading


  2. 1 2 Pakhtunistan: the Khyber Pass as the focus of the new state of Pakhtunistan – Page 48
  4. Afghanistan. Information Bureau, London (1952). Pakhtunistan: the Khyber Pass as the focus of the new state of Pakhtunistan. An important political development in Central Asia. p. 48.
  5. Louis Dupree; ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Pazhvāk; Shah Muhammad Rais (2003). Pashtunistan. Shah M. Book Co. p. 50.
  7. 1 2 Amir Kror and His Ancestry
  8. C. Heather Bleaney; María Ángeles Gallego (2006). Afghanistan: A Bibliography. BRILL. p. 95. ISBN 978-90-04-14532-0.
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