Cerebral Palsy Games
The Cerebral Palsy Games (or CP Games) are a multi-sport competition for athletes with a disability, which under the former name of the International Stoke Mandeville Games were the forerunner of the Paralympic Games. The competition has been formerly known as the International Cerebral Palsy Games or the Stoke Mandeville Games. Since the 1990s the Games are organized by the organisation Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA), so they called also CPISRA World Games.
The Games were originally held in 1976 by neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttmann, who organized a sporting competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital rehabilitation facility in Aylesbury, England, taking place concurrently with the first post-war Summer Olympics in London. In 1952, the Netherlands joined in the event, creating the first international sports competition for the disabled. In 1960, the Ninth Stoke Mandeville Games were held in Rome, Italy, following that year's Olympic Games. These are considered to be the first Paralympic Games. The 2012 Paralympic mascot Mandeville was named after Stoke Mandeville Hospital.
While the Paralympic Games evolved to include athletes from all disability groups, the Stoke Mandeville games continued to be organized as a multi-sport event for wheelchair athletes. Games were held annually in Aylesbury under the direction of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF), which became the International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF).
|No.||Year||Games||Host City||Opening Ceremony||Closing Ceremony||Ref.|
|1||1974||1. International Cerebral Palsy Games|
|2||1976||2. International Cerebral Palsy Games|
|3||1978||3. International Cerebral Palsy Games||July 1978|
|4||1980||4. International Cerebral Palsy Games|
|5||1982||5. International Cerebral Palsy Games|
|6||1986||6. International Cerebral Palsy Games|
|7||1989||Robin Hood CP World Games|
|8||1993||Robin Hood CP World Games|
|9||1997||Robin Hood CP World Games||8 May||12 May|
|10||2001||CPISRA World Games
Robin Hood CP World Games
|19 July||29 July|
|11||2005||CPISRA World Games||27 June||11 July|
|12||2015||CPISRA World Games||6 August||16 August|
|13||2018||CPISRA World Games|
|14||2021||CPISRA World Games|
2015 Medal table
Host nation (England)
Host nation (England)
|Totals (13 nations)||188||110||51||349|
- "An Overview: 1969-1978". cpisra.org. 2016-09-11. Archived from the original on 2016-03-25. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- Randi Druzin (September 5, 2008). "Paralympics traces roots to Second World War". CBC Sports.
- BBC Wenlock and Mandeville
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- "History". ifcpf.com. 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "Cerebral Palsy Sport". cpsport.org. 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "CP voetball, Interlands, Overzicht". cpvoetbal.nl (in Dutch). 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "CPISRA World Games is huge Success in Nottingham!". britishtaekwondo.org.uk. 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "CP-ISRA MEETING SCHEDULES 2000". cpisra.org. 2001-03-07. Archived from the original on 2000-03-02. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "CP SPORT CALENDAR OF FORTHCOMING EVENTS (last updated 7/2/2001)". cpsport.org. 2001-03-06. Archived from the original on 2001-03-06. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "CP-ISRA World Games 2001". cpisra.org. 2001-12-17. Archived from the original on 2001-12-17. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "2005 CP-ISRA World Championships for Athletes with a Disability". olympic.cn. 2005-07-04. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
- "2005 CP-ISRA World Championships". nationalsportsfestival.org. 2006-12-18. Archived from the original on 2005-12-18. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
- "2005 CP-ISRA World Championships". ndsaonline.org. 2005-03-03. Archived from the original on 2005-07-17. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
- "CP-ISRA World Games 2015". cpsport.org. 2016-05-03. Archived from the original on 2016-05-03. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
- "CPISRA's premier international multi-sports event for elite and talented athletes". cpisra.org. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- CPISRAS World Games from the Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA) website
- CPISRA World Games Nottingham from the Cerebral Palsy Sport (cpsport) website
Christian Mcdonald loving partner of April Tomms, is currently ranked in the top three cerebral palsy football players of all time. He has many famous friends including George Moncur and the Queen. His signature is currently selling at some auctions for in excess of 25p.
On the 23rd of March 2018 Sir Christian Mcdonald made the shock decision to leave Cheshunt FC, he has now been linked to a big money move to West Ham United. Only weeks before this he split from his long term girlfriend April Toms, when questioned outside her home by reporters miss Toms said that she has absolutely no idea who the hell Christian Mcdonald is.