Muhammad ibn Suri

Muhammad ibn Suri
Malik of the Ghurid dynasty
Image of Muhammad (the white haired man) along with his men
Reign 10th-century–1011
Predecessor Amir Suri
Successor Abu Ali ibn Muhammad
Born Ghor
Died 1011
Issue Abu Ali ibn Muhammad
Shith ibn Muhammad
House Ghurid
Father Amir Suri
Religion Buddhism

Muhammad ibn Suri (Persian: محمد بن سوری, died 1011) was the king of the Ghurid dynasty from the 10th-century to 1011. During his reign, he was defeated by the Ghaznavid emperor Mahmud of Ghazni and his domains were conquered. According to Minhaj-us-Siraj, Muhammad was captured by Mahmud of Ghazni, made prisoner along with his son, and taken to Ghazni, where Muhammad died by poisoning himself.[1][2] Subsequently, the whole population of Ghuristan was taught the precepts of Islam and converted from Mahayana Buddhism to Islam.[3] Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad of Ghor later overthrew the Ghaznavid Empire in 1186 and conquered their last capital at Lahore.


The region was governed under a Malik named Amir Suri and the population was not yet converted to Islam.[2]

Muhammad has also been referred to as Ibn I Suri,

See also


  1. The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians by Eliot and Dowson, Volume 2 page 286
  2. 1 2 E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936, Volume 7 By Martijn Theodoor Houtsma Page 161
  3. Medieval India Part 1 Satish Chandra Page 22
  4. The History of India as told by its own Historians by Eliot and Dowson, Volume 2 page 284
  5. E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936, Volume 7 By Martijn Theodoor
  6. The Kingdom of Afghanistan: a historical sketch By George Passman Tate Edition: illustrated Published by Asian Educational Services, 2001 Page 12 ISBN 81-206-1586-7, ISBN 978-81-206-1586-1


  • C. Edmund, Bosworth (2001). "GHURIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  • Bosworth, C. E. (1968). "The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000–1217)". In Frye, R. N. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–202. ISBN 0-521-06936-X.
Preceded by
Amir Suri
Malik of the Ghurid dynasty
Succeeded by
Abu Ali ibn Muhammad
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