Zhmaryānī also known as Gumoriani (Pashto: ژمرياني), also called Jamaryani, Gumoriani, Zimaryani, Zimri or Mizri, is a Pashtun tribe in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Some Zhmaryani lineages live in Afghanistan. They are Kasi Pashtuns.
The name Zimri or Zmarai means "fierce tiger" in the Pashto language. The history shows that one day at the place located in Musakhail city between the Sherani and Isot, the father of Zhmaryani had a fight with tigers in the mountains. After being victorious, the father of Musakhail gave him the honour Zmarai (lion), which means "lion" in Pashto. Zimri, Mizri, the same nation named changed due to the languages of different areas.
Rough estimates show their population to be more than 90,000–100,000.
They live in the Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces of Pakistan. In Balochistan, the name Zhmaryani is common, but in the areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the name Gumoriani or Gumaryani is used. Some of them live in Sibi and they call themselves Mizri. These migrations have occurred primarily due to tribal conflicts and financial instability in the region. They are living in the mountainous range associated with Hazrat Suleman. They live between Sherani and Isot tribes. The mountains on which they live are very fertile. These valleys are thought to be one of the most beautiful places in Balochistan Province. The Zhmaryani country is drained by small hills torrents: the Ramak and Guzai.
Zhmaryani are respectable and educated nation in Afghanistan as well as in Pakistan. Due to some clashes, Zhmaryani migrated from Musakhail to other cities of Pakistan like Loralai, and other countries of the world. Some of the Zhmaryani migrated from Musakhail to the Luni area in the way of Khulo.
In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan they are living in the famous village of Pirpiai, also known as Little England due to its high literacy rate, Pashtun Ghari and Mohib Banda in Nowshera. The founding father of Pirpiai was the son of Daulat Khan. Daulat Khan was a commander and confidant of Nadir Shah Afshar, the ruler of Iran. Nadir Shah awarded the area to Daulat Khan, his confidant. Daulat Khan belonged to the Zhmaryani tribe.
- Anzra Khel (largest by population)
- Ayub Khel (Alizai, malazai)
- Hussain Zai
- Muhammad Khel
- Marofzai (smallest by population)
- Zmaryani ژمرياني. Khyber.ORG.